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Africa In Focus - Governance in the 21st centuryby Kwandiwe Kondlo, Chinenyengozi Ejiogu
3 June 2011
On May 25, Africa Day, the HSRC Press launched the first book in its "Africa in Focus" series, entitled, Governance in the 21st Century
The book launch opened with a captivating demonstration of indigenous African instruments by South African musician Pops Mohammed. Here Pops introduces the mouth bow of the San people and the "Honey Song". Legend has it that the song, played on the mouthbow, effectively lulls the bees into a relaxed state so that the San can reach in and harvest honey from the hive.
Duration: 2 mins 42 sec
The HSRC Press has launched the Africa in Focus
series in order to support African scholarship on the issues facing the continent. Dr UdeshPillay, Executive Director of the Democracy, Governance and Service Delivery Unit at the HSRC explains the thinking behind the initiative.
IN: The HSRC has begun over the past few years to build up…
Duration: 0 mins 57 sec
Former Director General in the South African Department of Water and Forestry, Mike Muller contributed a chapter to Governance in the 21st Century
that examines the vital issue of access to secure water supplies. One challenge facing African states is how to determine their own agenda in the face of strong global forces that sometimes have very different interests.
IN: I'm Mike Muller, for the purposes of this interview…
Duration: 1 mins 16 sec
Ironically, the recent financial crisis has some positive implications for the ability of African states to set their own priorities. Growing Chinese involvement on the continent is positive insofar as Africans are able to secure financial support to build water storage infrastructure in the form of dams. Mike Muller develops his argument.
IN: One of the things I try and show in the chapter…
Duration: 2 mins 48 sec
Africa's rivers offer huge potential for hydroelectric power but efforts to realise this have been blocked by the very groups that claim to advocate green technology. Mike Muller looks at this anomaly and at the opportunities that exist.
IN: We're in that silly situation where on the one hand…
Duration: 1 mins 41 sec
Health in Africa makes up an important section of the new publication. Public health specialist, Dr Laetitia Rispel analyses why it is highly unlikely that any African countries will achieve the Millennium Development Goals by the target date of 2015.
IN: I'm LaetitiaRispel and I work at the Centre for Health Policy at Wits University…
Duration: 3 mins 17 sec
Dr Laetitia Rispel identifies some of the key shifts that are needed to improve public health for all citizens.
IN: Some of the things that would need to change…
Duration: 1 mins 21 sec
The volume focuses on two area of public health that are often neglected violence and mental health. Dr Laetitia Rispel outlines some of the issues raised in these chapters.
IN: Two of the chapters deal with violence and its relationship to…
Duration: 1 mins 41 sec
Dr Tim Murithi introduces his chapter, which discusses the often fraught relationship between African countries and the United Nations.
IN: My name is Dr Tim Murithi, I'm the head of programme at…
Duration: 1 mins 24 sec
Dr Tim Murithi addresses the question why African members of the United Nations perceive themselves as marginalised within the world body, when in fact they constitute a significant lobby group within the UN.
IN: African countries comprise 53 member states of the United Nations…
Duration: 2 mins 37 sec
Dr Tim Murithi argues that "aid colonisation" keeps many African countries trapped. So what strategies can countries adopt to free themselves?
IN: By aid colonisation I'm referring to the degree to which aid can be used…
Duration: 1 mins 57 sec
South African Social Attitudes 2nd Report: Reflections on the Age of Hope
28 October 2010
Duration: 7 mins 49 sec
Growing up in the new South Africa: Childhood and adolescence in post-apartheid Cape Town by Rachel Bray, Imke Gooskens, Sue Moses, Lauren Kahn & Jeremy Seekings
1 June 2010
Growing Up in the New South Africa: Childhood and Adolescence in Post-Apartheid Cape Town
is about the realities of life for children and adolescents in South Africa in the first decade after the end of apartheid. The book is based on extensive research in the southern periphery of Cape Town – in the diverse communities of Masiphumelele, Ocean View and Fish Hoek. Co-authors, Rachel Bray and Jeremy Seekings, explain the choice of site and the value of combining a qualitative and quantitative approach to understanding the life experiences of children in this microcosm of South Africa.
Duration: 2 mins 34 sec
In 1995, then president Nelson Mandela said: “There can be no keener revelation of a society´s soul than the way in which it treats its children
As we set about building a new South Africa, one of our highest priorities must therefore be our children.”
Two of the authors of the book, Growing Up in the New South Africa: Childhood and Adolescence in Post-Apartheid Cape Town
, Rachel Bray and Jeremy Seekings, give their assessment of how South African society is treating children.
Duration:4 min 09 sec
Duration:1 min 59 sec
Children spend large amounts of their time in schools Rachel Bray, co-author of Growing Up in the New South Africa: Childhood and Adolescence in Post-Apartheid Cape Town
, discusses the opportunities that do (or don´t) exist for children to make friendships across old apartheid barriers. Fellow author, Jeremy Seekings, talks about the vicious cycle that all too often undermine the hope that the public education system will improve and transform children´s lives.
Duration: 5 min 07 sec
Duration: 3 min 10 sec
The Struggle over Land in Africa
20 May 2010
Promoting mental health in scarce-resource contexts: Emerging evidence and practice
6 April 2010
The HSRC Press has recently published a pioneering new volume entitled Promoting mental health in scarce-resource contexts: Emerging evidence and practice
. The book is edited by Inge Petersen, Arvin Bhana, Alan J Flisher, Leslie Swartz & Linda Richter.The Press spoke to two of editors of the book Inge Petersen and Arvin Bhana, at the launch of the book in Durban, South Africa. Inge Petersen
is Professor of Psychology at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Arvin Bhana
is Deputy Executive Director of the Child, Youth, Family and Social Development Research Programme at the Human Sciences Research Council.
Inge Petersen and Arvin Bhana discuss what Promoting mental health in scarce-resource contexts: Emerging evidence and practice
is all about and explain why promoting mental health demands actions that enhance resilience in individuals, families and communities, and ensure health enhancing policy and legislative frameworks. These actions are at the heart of human development and can assist in improving social and economic prospects for people in low-to middle income countries, such as South Africa. Inge and Arvin also discuss how the book provides a conceptual and theoretical base for the application of mental health promotion and prevention of mental disorders in low-resource settings - offering examples of evidence-based programmes across the lifespan.
Duration:5 min 41 sec
Professor Melvyn Freeman was guest speaker at the launch of the book >Promoting mental health in scarce-resource contexts: Emerging evidence and practice
. Professor Freeman is Cluster Manager for Non-communicable diseases and former Director of the Directorate of Mental Health and Substance Abuse in the South African National Department of Health. Listen to Professor Freeman's inspirational address to guests at the launch.
Duration: 4 min 35 sec
Duration:1 min 35 sec
The Zuma Administration: Critical Challenges
1 March 2010
The HSRC Press has published a collection of essays from varying perspectives that rigorously engage with the issues facing the new South African government. The contributors to the volume entitled The Zuma Administration: Critical Challenges
, provide a view into the future and explore the responsibilities that the Zuma administration must take on.
The Press spoke to the co-editors of the book Kwandiwe Kondlo and Herbert Maserumule. Professor Kondlo is the executive director for the Democracy & Governance Research Programme at the HSRC and professor of Public Policy at Wits University in the School of Public and Development Management. Mr Maserumule is a senior lecturer at Tshwane University of Technology and chairperson of the Gauteng chapter of the South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM-Gauteng).
The book's co-editors, Kwandiwe Kondlo and Herbert Maserumule, outline the political and governance challenges facing the Zuma administration. Some, they say, stem from unfulfilled promises from 1994, while others are a result of the huge expectations created in the run-up to the last (2009) election.
Duration: 2 min 40 sec
Kwandiwe Kondlo discusses some of the challenges facing young democracies most commonly, the capacity of the state to deliver to its citizens, and the need for the state to work "faster and smarter". This, he argues, requires a fresh approach to the staffing of the civil service and a re-assessment of the ethos and culture in government departments.
Duration: 4 min 14 sec
What continuity exists in government policy from Mbeki to Zuma, and what are the personality and paradigm differences between the two administrations? Herbert Maserumule suggests the need to consider a paradigm of the "co-existence of the opposites". He acknowledges the achievements of the Mbeki administration in strengthening social security, but contrasts this against high unemployment levels and failures in development.
Duration: 7 min 12 sec
In this fourth and final part of the podcast package, Kwandiwe Kondlo provides a short summary of the rural development debate advanced in the chapter by Gilingwe Mayende; and emphasises that a key concern overall is South Africa's weak ability to learn from international experience.
Duration: 7 min 12 sec
Learning / Work: Turning work and lifelong learning inside out
1 December 2009
The global economy is increasingly challenging the accepted divides between home life and work life, between employment and unemployment, and between paid work and unpaid work. In this context, it is imperative to rethink the concepts of “work”, “knowledge” and “learning”. And in order to move from where we are now to where we aspire to be, researching learning and work is not enough; we also need to be researching how to learn/work differently.In this first segment of a four-part podcast package, the co-editors of Learning / Work: Turning work and lifelong learning inside out
, Dr Linda Cooper and Professor Shirley Walters introduce themselves and explain the need to examine how we learn and work, and why the recently held Fifth International Conference on Researching Work and Learning (RWL5) was an important opportunity to do so.
Duration: 5 min 03 sec
The second segment looks at how in the world of work and learning, certain voices and experiences usually those of middle class males often dominate. Here Shirley Walters and Linda Cooper examine the question, 'whose knowledge counts?'
Duration: 3 min 47 sec
There are many problems with the way in which the worlds of learning and work are currently structured and operate. The editors of the volume argue that there are no short cuts to effective learning.
Duration: 4 min 56 sec
In this fourth and final part of the podcast package, editors Shirley Walters and Linda Cooper discuss examples of good practice and how we can learn and work differently. Much of it draws on approaches and techniques that once were integral to progressive education but have been lost. And it begins with some of the basics.
Duration: 4 min 56 sec
Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror
30 September 2009
In his new book, Saviours and Survivors Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror
, Professor Mahmood Mamdani disputes claims by Western governments that a genocide took place in Darfur, and instead argues that the war in Darfur is a product of national, regional and global forces that came to be seen by the West as part of the "War on Terror".
In this first segment of a five-part podcast package, the HSRC's Suren Pillay introduces Mahmood Mamdani, who looks at divergent claims on the number of people killed in the conflict.
Duration: 4 min 25 sec
"Their violence is bad violence and our violence is good violence" in the second segment of the package, Mahmood Mamdani criticises the logic of the "War on Terror" and looks at the history of conflict in Darfur.
Duration: 4 min 51 sec
Despite the falsehoods pedalled by the "Save Darfur Campaign", there is a kernel of truth about the tragic loss of life, says Professor Mahmood Mamdani. The challenge, he explains in this third segment of the HSRC Press podcast package, is how to resolve the conflict in Darfur, and he argues that the approach by the International Criminal Court is problematic.
Duration: 4 min 30 sec
Why did young idealistic American students support the Save Darfur Campaign but not the anti-war movement in Iraq? It's all about feel-good politics, argues Professor Mahmood Mamdani in this penultimate segment of the HSRC Press podcast package.
Duration: 3 min 10 sec
In this question and answer segment and the final part of the podcast package, Professor Mahmood Mamdani further develops his ideas about the right of African countries to resolve their own disputes, beginning with the question "when is external intervention appropriate?"
Duration: 5 min 23 sec
Teenage Tata Voices of Young Fathers in South Africa
07 September 2009
Over the past two decades, while there has been a growing focus on teenage or adolescent fathers, the literature that deals with the experience of young fatherhood itself is scant. And most pertinently for this country, there is a shortage of studies that examine young fatherhood in developing countries, especially in contexts of poverty. This five-part podcast package is a synthesis of the research presented in the HSRC Press publication Teenage Tata Voices of Young Fathers in South Africa
, written by Sharlene Swartz and Arvin Bhana.
In Part 1 of this podcast package, co-author of the monograph Teenage Tata Voices of Young Fathers in South Africa
, Dr Sharlene Swartz of the HSRC´s Child, Youth, Family & Social Development research programme introduces her approach to the study of teenage fathers, and talks about some of the research findings.
Duration:2 min 19 sec
In the recent study on teenage fathers in South Africa, Dr Sharlene Swartz received some poignant and paradoxical responses from the young men she met. In Part 2 of this five part podcast package, she discusses what teenage fathers consider to be the qualities of a good father, as well as how ignorant many teenagers are about basic biology and life skills.
Duration: 4 min 54 sec
In Part 3, Dr Swartz challenges the stereotype that teenage fathers are irresponsible and unwilling to deal with the consequences of their actions, and talks about why young men don't use condoms.
Duration: 3 min 58 sec
In the fourth part of this five part podcast package, Dr Swartz shares the advice that teenage fathers give to their peers about condom usage, and explains how these young men reason the practice of having multiple sexual partners.
Duration: 5 min 17 sec
The innovative methodology adopted with the incorporation of social networks as a research tool and the research assistance and voices of the teenage fathers within this study, is discussed in this final part of the five part podcast package. Dr Sharlene Swartz discusses issues of culture, hierarchies and communities within the context of teenage fathers in South Africa.
Duration: 4 min 51 sec
From Social Silence to Social Science Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa
03 September 2009
This HSRC Press podcast package of four segments engages with the large gaps and silences in academic literature, public understanding, and health promotion strategies when it comes to addressing the needs of Africans who are involved in same-sex relationships. Award-winning political journalist and author, Christi van der Westhuizen chaired a discussion at the Cape Town Book Fair 2009 - a panel of contributors to this new HSRC Press publication, From Social Silence to Social Science - Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa
In Part 1 Christi introduces some of the issues tackled in the book and its co-editor, Professor Vasu Reddy, who provides the context of the publication.
Duration: 4 min 53 sec
In Part 2 of this four part podcast, co-editor Professor Letitia Rispel speaks about the chapter that she co-authored with Carol Metcalf on whether South Africa's HIV policies and programmes meet the needs of same-sex individuals. Discussion moderator Christi van der Westhuizen introduces.
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
In this the third part of the package, Glenn de Swardt from Health for Men, and contributor to the publication, talks about his observations about HIV/AIDS within the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered community of Cape Town.
Duration: 3 min 03 sec
In the final part of this podcast package, Zethu Matebeni, a doctoral fellow at WISER and contributor to the collection, speaks about the experiences of young black lesbians in Johannesburg, and challenges various myths and stereotypes in relation to sex and HIV/AIDS.
Duration: 4 min 52 sec
What will be the legacy of South Africa's hosting of the 2010 Football World Cup?
31 July 2009
In this four-part HSRC Press podcast, scholars discuss the benefits and the pitfalls of mega-events. We examine the development potential for South Africa of the 2010 World Cup and the legacy it will leave behind.
In Part 1 of the podcast package, Dr Udesh Pillay, executive director of the Centre for Service Delivery at the HSRC and a co-editor of the volume Development & Dreams: The urban legacy of the 2010 Football World Cup
, explains the central hypothesis with which the book began and his co-editor, Dr Orli Bass, looks at the intangible benefits that the World Cup may offer South Africa. Dr Bass, an urbanisation specialist at the Centre for Critical Research into Race and Identity (ccrri) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, is co-editor of Development & Dreams
Duration: 8 min 02 sec
In Part 2 Glynn Davies, a senior policy analyst in the Research and Information Group of the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) and contributor to the book, looks at the chances that South Africa will see some tangible benefits from the 2010 World Cup.
Duration: 2 min 58 sec
In Part 3 of this four-part HSRC Press podcast package on the possible impact of the 2010 World Cup on South Africa, Sport and tourism specialist Dr Kamilla Swart looks at the different forms that the mega-event's legacy might take. She is the Head of the Centre for Tourism research in Africa at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology in Cape Town.
Duration: 4 min 04 sec
In the fourth and final part of the panel discussion hosted by the HSRC Press, David Maralack draws attention to the challenges facing sports development in South Africa and whether the World Cup legacy will ignite a much need interest in playing sport in South Africa. David Maralack is the Convenor of the Postgraduate Diploma in Management (Sport) in the Faculty of Commerce at the University of Cape Town.
Duration: 3 min 55 sec
TEACHER SHORTAGES: MYTH OR REALITY?
16 July 2009
The Teacher Education Programme series, published by the HSRC Press, has as its overall goal to "contribute to the knowledge and information base for policy formulation and implementation regarding the organisation and practice of teacher education". At the Cape Town Book Fair 2009, as part of the public programme of events, teachers and teacher education was discussed by a panel of HSRC researchers working in this area. The discussion that ensued was chaired by Professor Peter Kallaway. Listen to the various viewpoints in this four part HSRC Press podcast package.
Duration: 5 min 33 sec
Duration: 5 min 09 sec
Duration: 5 min 07 sec
Duration: 4 min 44 sec
State of the Nation and the 15 Year Review
9 July 2009
At the Cape Town Book Fair 2009, as part of the public programme of events, the State of the Nation was placed under review, with commentary on the challenges that face South Africa, 15 years into our new democracy. In this HSRC Press podcast package of two segments, we hear the ranging views of the political scientists who spoke prior to the panel debate, moderated by HSRC senior research specialist and University of the Western Cape lecturer, Suren Pillay.
In this first segment, we hear the views of three contributors to the State of the Nation: South Africa 2008
(HSRC Press): Dr Kwandiwe Kondlo, Dr Somadoda Fikeni and Professor Sampie Terreblanche.
Duration: 10 min 51 sec
In the second segment Dr Pearl Sithole and Dr Mcebisi Ndletyana discuss two of the three papers published in South African Governance in Review
(HSRC Press) in this instance, the integration of traditional leadership in South African governance and municipal capacity in local government reform. Dr Pearl Sithole and Dr Mcebisi Ndletyana discuss two of the three papers published in South African Governance in Review
Duration: 8 min 21 sec
Writing History in the Wake Of Apartheid
29 June 2009
In this HSRC Press podcast package of three segments, we hear the views from historians who took part in the panel discussion "Writing History in the Wake of Apartheid - How one writes history in the post-apartheid period" at the Cape Town Book Fair 2009. The lively discussion was moderated by University of the Western Cape historian and author of The Deaths of Hintsa
, Professor Premesh Lalu.
Duration: 4 min 39 sec
In segment two of our three part series on "Writing History in the Wake of Apartheid we hear from Dr Harriet Deacon, Head of the Archival Platform at the University of Cape Town and the lead editor of another HSRC Press publication, The Subtle Power of Intangible Heritage
Duration: 3 min 40 sec
In our third and final segment, Professor Brian Raftopoulos, author and senior research fellow at the Centre for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape discusses the representation of history in the context of his forthcoming book on the history of Zimbabwe.
Duration 5 min 19 sec
11 December 2008
Is South African history developing an authentic new discourse or is it stuck in the colonial archive? Two years into the democratic transition in South Africa, a little-known healer-diviner, Nicholas Tilana Gcaleka, stumbled onto the stage of history. He claimed to have brought the skull of Xhosa king Hintsa back to South Africa from Scotland, where he said he had traced it. Amidst a flurry of media attention, the skull was confiscated and handed to a team of scientists to "prove" its authenticity. They declared the cranium was that of a human female, and definitely not Hintsa. Gcaleka was proclaimed, at least, laughable, and at worst, a liar.
Gcaleka seems to have highlighted the limits that apartheid posed on the reworking of concepts of nation and identity. Author Premesh Lalu says in his book 'The Deaths of Hintsa: Postapartheid South Africa and the shape of recurring pasts' (HSRC Press), that we are compelled to track the process of how a little-known healer-diviner, in his encounter with the history of colonialism, became entangled in the formation, regulation and transformation of historical statements relating to the deaths of Hintsa. Lalu calls for a history that makes a conceptual difference in the wake of apartheid, and which addresses the transition to a postapartheid era. Lalu proposes that this transition bypassed the colonial archive and therefore failed to anticipate its resilience.
Through mining a rich field of research, from colonial archival material to contemporary museum exhibitions, Lalu states that overcoming apartheid has required coming to terms not only with the effects of history, but with the discourse of history itself. Hear the views of Professor Lalu, along with those of historians Leslie Witz and Ciraj Rassool, in this podcast.
Duration: 9 min 10 sec
8 December 2008
Electric Capitalism: Recolonising Africa on the Power Grid, edited by David A. McDonald and published by the HSRC Press is, in its simplest description, a book about the importance of electricity in Africa. It assesses the development of key electricity restructuring in the region thus far, including the ownership, generation, distribution and consumption of an energy source that is inextricably intertwined with power, policy and politics on the continent. On a more detailed level, it employs the expertise of researchers, energy professionals, academics and activists to shed light on the larger social, economic, ideological and spatial dynamics shaping electricity reforms in southern Africa and the continent. In commentary that ranges from the use of nuclear power to the search for alternative energy sources, the gendered nature of the manufacture and distribution of electricity, the provision of free basic electricity, the building of hydro-electric dams and more, authors David McDonald, Liz McDaid, David Fig and Wendy Annecke probe the intricacies of the contemporary electricity sector in this podcast.
Duration: 9 min 32 sec
14 August 2008
"People working in the media don't really like thinking about themselves. They report about what other people are thinking. But the South African media has changed radically in the past 14 years. It's become very necessary to think about what role media players are taking in relation to power and identity," said Dr Adrian Hadland, co-editor of Power, Politics and Identity in South African Media
, opening up a spirited session at the third Cape Town International Book Fair in June 2008.
Under the banner "Holding us together or pulling us apart? The role of the South African media in the creation and mutation of identities", six panellists plus media veteran Denis Beckett as chair looked at a range of ways that a changing media is currently engaging with a changing society. Listen to the edited podcast of this spirited discussion.
Duration: 8 min 58 sec
18 July 2008
Are Africa and South America destined to be 'resource-rich underachievers', or can knowledge intensification change all that? Resource Intensity, Knowledge and Development: Insights from Africa and South America
was launched at the Cape Town Book Fair 2008 in a public discussion between academic, researcher and volume editor Dr Jo Lorentzen and UCT sociologist Professor David Cooper, where the two speakers shared their views on recent resource-based development and the global economy debates.
The book provides evidence that, given the right conditions, resource-based industries can become knowledge intensive. Knowledge, experience and skills accumulated in resource-based activities, such as sugar farming or mining, can be exploited in different sectors, such as plastic production. It also gives examples of where things can go wrong. In this engaging podcast, Lorentzen provides background to revisited theory around resource-rich economies and development, and Cooper adds greater texture on the role of universities and civil society in 'the third capitalist industrial revolution', the era of the knowledge-intensive economy.
Duration: 9 min 38 sec
1 July 2008
In November 2007, the HSRC Press hosted a debate at Constitution Hill, Johannesburg, on the question 'Do state pensions and grants create dependency?' This debate coincided with the launch of a new book by Francie Lund entitled Changing Social Policy: The Child Support Grant in South Africa
. Featured in this podcast are the views of the author and researcher Professor Francie Lund; Dr Monde Makiwane, senior research specialist at the HSRC; and Hein Marais, a Johannesburg-based writer and journalist focusing on AIDS, political-economy and development issues.
Duration: 11 min 09 sec
10 June 2008
In May 2008 Racial Redress and Citizenship in South Africa
, edited by Kristina Bentley and Adam Habib, was launched in a three-city seminar roadshow. Made possible by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, South Africa, these seminars presented key opportunities to engage in and to share new thinking. Complementing the content and the structure of the book, the seminars featured a range of commentators who collectively focused on the success of redress so far, and explored whether alternative methods may have more beneficial consequences. Listen to the views of Kristina Bentley, Crain Soudien, Geoffrey Modisha, Vinothan Naidoo and Zimitri Erasmus.
Duration: 9 min 26 sec
30 May 2008
April 2008 saw the launch of Dr Adam Haupt's book Stealing Empire: P2P, Intellectual Property and Hip-Hop Subversion
, which takes a fascinating look at the impact of issues such as global monopolist tendencies on different aspects of media and culture, from the commodification of hip-hop music to attempts to "fence in" the internet. From law, technology, and the Internet to the media and all things cultural - listen to the views of Adam Haupt, Martin Hall, Burni from Godessa and Caco the Noble Savage on Stealing Empire.
Duration: 8 min 22 sec