The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)

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This report provides a baseline study on psychosocial support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in two villages in Botswana and forms part of a series of reports that examine the work undertaken as part of the Kellogg OVC Intervention Project from 2002 to 2005.The general aim of the project is to assist families and households to better cope with the increased burden of care for OVC. The purpose of this particular baseline psychosocial survey (PSS) was to gather data to facilitate the introduction and evaluation of the effectiveness of orphan care intervention programmes for strengthening community participation and empowerment of OVC in two villages in Botswana. This information will be used in evaluating the effectiveness of the new OVC interventions that will be implemented in the two villages in Botswana as part of the overall OVC project.

In 2002, the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) was commissioned by the WK Kellogg Foundation to develop and implement a five-year intervention project focusing on orphans and vulnerable children OVC in southern Africa. In collaboration with several partner organisations, the project currently focuses on how children, families and communities in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe are coping with the impact of HIV/AIDS. The aim of the project is to develop models of best practice so as to enhance and improve support structures for OVC in the southern African region as a whole.

Product information

Format : 280mm x 210mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 60
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2178-4
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2178-9
Publish Year : 2007
Rights : World Rights

Tables and figures
Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary

1. Introduction

  • The situation of orphans in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Overview of the OVC situation in Botswana
  • Government response to the plight of orphans
  • Background to the OVC project

2. Methodology

  • Study design
  • Description of study sites
  • Populations and samples
  • Study instruments
  • Ethical considerations
  • Data collection procedures
  • Data management

3. Findings: Palapye

  • Orphans and vulnerable children ages 614: Survey Findings
  • Discussion of findings: OVC ages 614 in Palapye
  • OVC ages 1518 in Palapye : Survey Findings
  • Discussion of findings: OVC ages 1518 in Palapye
  • Parents/guardians of OVCs in Palapye: Survey Findings
  • Discussion of findings: Parents/guardians of OVCs in Palapye

4. Findings: Letlhakeng

  • Orphans and vulnerable children ages 614: Survey Findings
  • Discussion of findings: OVC ages 614 in Letlhakeng
  • OVC ages 1518 in Letlhakeng: Survey Findings
  • Discussion of findings: OVC ages 1518 in Letlhakeng
  • Parents/guardians of OVCs in Letlhakeng: Survey Findings
  • Discussion of findings: Parents/guardians of OVCs in Letlhakeng

5. Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations


Dr G. Nnunu Tsheko is a senior lecturer in the Department of Educational Foundations at the University of Botswana.

Mr Ken Bainame is a lecturer in the Department of Population Studies at the University of Botswana.

Dr Lucky W. Odirile is a counsellor in the Counselling Centre at the University of Botswana.

Ms Mosarwa Segwabe is a co-ordinator in the Wellness Centre at the University of Botswana.

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