The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)

2269  Large

With increasing numbers of computers and diffusion of the internet around the world, localisation of the technology and the content it carries into the many languages people speak is becoming an ever more important area for discussion and action. Localisation, simply put, includes translation and cultural adaptation of user interfaces and software applications, as well as the creation and translation of internet content in diverse languages. It is essential in making information and communication technology more accessible to the populations of the poorer countries, increasing its relevance to their lives, needs, and aspirations, and ultimately in bridging the digital divide.

Localisation is a new and growing field of inquiry. This book identifies issues, concerns, priorities, and lines of research and is intended as a baseline study in defining localisation in Africa and how it is important for development and education in the long term.

Techies, geeks, P2P experts, etc. as well as researchers and development organisations, this book is for you.

Product information

Format : 235mm x 168mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 176
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2249-7
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2249-6
Publish Year : 2010
Rights : World Rights

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
List of acronyms and abbreviations

1. Introduction

2. Background
Importance of African languages and implications for ICT
What is localisation?
Overlapping regional contexts: localisation where?
Who localises?
What is the current state of localisation across this region?

3. Introducing localisation ecology
An ecological perspective of the environment for localisation
The PLETES model
Dynamic complexes within localisation ecology
Relevance to questions of ICT and localisation

4. Linguistic context
Languages, dialects, and linguistic geography
Sociolinguistics and language change
Oral and literate traditions
Language and language in education policies
Basic literacy, pluriliteracy, and user skills
Terminology and accommodation of ICT concepts

5. Technical context 1: physical access
Access: physical and soft
Basic infrastructure
Computer hardware and operating systems
Connectivity and internet policy

6. Technical context 2: internationalisation
The facilitating technical environment
Handling complex scripts: from ASCII to Unicode
The last mile of internationalisation

7. African language text, encoding and fonts
Non-Latin African scripts and ICT
Typology of Latin-based African orthographies
Evolution of African Language text use in ICT
Fonts

8. Keyboards and input systems
Keyboards
Keyboards for Africa
Alternative input methods

9. Defining languages in ICT: tags and locales
Languages and the ISO-639 standards
Locale data for African languages

10. Internet
E-mail
Internationalisation and the web
Web content in and about African languages
Internationalised domain names

11. Software localisation
Applications and operating systems
Trends in proprietary software
Trends in FOSS
Software Localisation in African languages
Web interfaces

12. Mobile technology and other specialised applications
Miniaturisation of ICT
Trends in Africa
Audio dimensions: voice, text-to-speech (TTS), and speech recognition
Geographic information systems (GIS)
Computer assisted translation (CAT)

13. Achieving sustainable localisation
Needs by kind of localisation and localiser
Understanding the needs of localisers
Analysis of needs from a Pan-African perspective
Facilitating communication about localisation

14. Summary and recommendations
Major themes
Strategic perspectives
Conferences and workshops
Training and public education on localisation
Information resources and networking
Languages, policy and planning
Basic localisation, and ICT policies and programmes
Africa and ICT standards for localisation
Advanced applications, tools and research
Conclusion

References
Index

With an MA and a PhD in Resource Development from Michigan State University, Dr Don Osborn is founder and director of Bisharat, Ltd a language, technology and development initiative, dedicated to enhancing the use of African languages in computing and on the internet in the service of development

Share this

You might also consider these related books

Media  And  Citizenship

Media and Citizenship
Between marginalisation and participation

2352

How central are the media to the functioning of democracy? Is democracy primarily about citizens using their vote? Does the expression of their voice necessarily empower citizens? Media and Citizenship challenges some assumptions about the relationship between the media and democracy in highly unequal societies like South Africa. In a post-apartheid society where an enfranchised majority is still unable to fundamentally practise their citizenship and experiences marginalisation on a daily basis, notions like listening and belonging may be more useful ways of thinking about the role of the media. In this context, protest is taken seriously as a form of political expression and the media’s role is foregrounded as actively seeking out the voices of those on the margins of society. Through a range of case studies, the contributors show how listening, both as a political concept and as a form of practice, has transformative and even radical potential for both emerging and established democracies.

Product information

Format : 235mm x 168mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 256
ISBN 13 : 978-0-7969-2556-5
Publish Year : August 2017
Rights : World Rights
Price R 250.00
Development  Social  Policy

Development social Policy and Community Action
Lessons from below

2354
  • How do citizens in poor communities benefit from and perceive state interventions?
  • How do citizens in poor communities interact with others in the community to promote the well-being of themselves and their families?
  • What are the implications of the above for community based research, policy and practice?

Development, Social Policy and Community Action: Lessons from Below addresses these questions based on rigorous and multi-faceted research conducted in the poor, urban area of Doornkop, Soweto, using a range of different methodological approaches and theoretical perspectives that all broaden our understanding of citizen-community-state interactions in disadvantaged, urban communities in South Africa.

Solutions to poverty and inequality are often designed, implemented and evaluated in a top-down manner, thereby disregarding the views and agency of the poor citizens themselves. Addressing this gap, the authors explore how government assistance, through social grants and services, as well as community support mechanisms provide solutions to citizens in poor communities and the ways that the citizens perceive and make use of such interventions.

This research study points to the need for more nuanced policy strategies and interventions pertinent to local challenges which also resonate with the global search for solutions in similar contexts. With a fresh perspective that addresses the interconnections between state interventions, community and citizens in sustainable social development, this book provides a case for the importance of conducting community-based research that effectively encourages research findings to support communities to effect positive change.

Product information

Format : 240mm x 168mm
Pages : 256
ISBN 13 : 978-0-7969-2551-0
Publish Year : November 2017
Rights : World Rights
Price R 230.00
Stars  In  Our  Eyes

The Stars in Our eyes
Representations of the Square Kilometre Array telescope in the South African Media

2355

The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) radio telescope is set to become the largest telescope on Earth, and also the largest science project in Africa. From September 2011 to August 2012, the SKA featured regularly in the South African media. In The Stars in Our Eyes, author Michael Gastrow dissects the representation of the SKA in the South African media in the period under discussion. Who were the main actors in this unfolding narrative? Who held the stage and who were marginalised? Where did gatekeeping occur and why? What was the relationship between journalists and scientists? How did the story unfold in the social media as opposed to the print media? Drawing on mass communication theory and science communication theory, The Stars in Our Eyes: Representations of the Square kilometre Array Telescope in the South African Media addresses critical gaps in the literature on science communication, particularly with respect to science communication in an African context.

Product information

Format : 235mm x 168mm
Pages : 256
ISBN 13 : 978-0-7969-2547-3
Publish Year : November 2017
Rights : World Rights
Price R 250.00
2306  Large

Governing Cities in Africa
Politics and Policies

2306

Governing Cities in Africa Politics and Policies, Governing Cities in Africa, Cities in Africa, Politics and Policies in African Cities, Service delivery, policy and practice issues, Simon Bekker, Laurent Fourchard, Claire Benit-Gbaffou, Alain Dubresson, Karine Ginisty, Sylvy Jaglin, Ayodeji Olukoju, Sam Owuor, Jeanne Vivet, Sverine Awenengo, Hlne Charton, Odile Goerg, Denise Brgand, Rasheed Olaniyi, Amandine Spire, Liela Groenewald, Marie Huchzermeyer, Kristen Kornienko, Marius Tredoux, Margot Rubin, Isabel Raposo, Jeremy Grest Axel Baudouin, Camilla Bjerkli, Hlne Qunot-Suarez, Jean-Fabien Steck, Sophie Didier, Mariane.

Product information

Format : 240mm x 168mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 224
ISBN 10 : 978-07969-2416-2
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2416-2
Publish Year : 2013<br>Open Access available - July 2013
Rights : World Rights
Price R 220.00