The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)

1974  Large

The Rio Earth Summit of 1992 introduced several new approaches to environmental management under the general heading of sustainable devlopment. One of these approaches has forced conservationists to concede that it is no longer feasible or ethical to exlude resident communities from prtected areas, as had been the practice for more than a century. The alternative approach highlighting considerations of social justice and economic empowerment, is to recognise that humans are also part of the local ecology, and to find sustainable ways to maintain local livelihoods along with biodiversity.

Especially in the global South, resource-dependant communities associated with protected areas had long been sublected to removals or restrictions by the state, and had been forced to modify livelihoods historically dependant on abundant natural resources, usually resulting in their acute impoverishment.



Eastern and Southern Africa had been particulr sites of the former protectionist policies and their frequently tragic sequels for communities. Following the Summit much energy has been expended on finding sustainable alternatives to relocation in these regions, particularly new livelihoods linked to ecotourism



From Conflict to Negotiation provides a South African case study of the shift from protectionism to sustainable devlopment in the 1990's. Located on the wild coast of the Eastern Cape, Dwesa-Cwebe consists of a nature and marine reserve with eight adjacent resident communities that have historically depended on local forest, grassland and coastal resources. This are has been the focus of one of the earliest efforts in the 'new' South Africa to restore to the Xhosa-speaking residents ownership of the protected area from which they had been excluded for decades. Unusually the resident initiated the process.



While others celebrated the advent of the new democracy in South Africa in 1994, the residents of this remote area, whose grieviences had been ignored during the political transition, planned a protest strategy featuring co-ordinated invasions of the protected area. The protest action succeeded to the extent that it gained massive media attention and provoked the special attention of national and regional goverment, non-govermental organizations (NGOs) and academic researchers.



An early academic intervention designed to bring the residents and conservationists together was later expanded. Complementing the roles of goverment and NGOs, environmentalists and socio-cultural anthropologists, among others involved in this project, have attempted to address the conumdrum of sustainable development policy implementation in a complex setting.



From conflict to Negotiation details the findings of this pioneering research project. It is the story of local empowerment regained as confrontation yielded to negotiation and negotiation yielded co-management, local ownership and developmental partnerships. This landmark study will provoke ongoing discussion and research in an exciting new forum of community development.

Product information

Format : 210mm x 295mm
Pages : 356
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-1992-5
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-1992-2
Publish Year : 2002

List of Maps, Figures and Tables

Author Biographies


Forward


Preface


Acknowledgements


Introduction - Robin Palmer, Herman Timmermans and Derick Fay



Part One


1 The Land Herman - Timmermans and Kamal Naicker


2 The Residents - Robin Palmer and Derick Fay


3 The Outsiders - Robin Palmer and Khayalethu Kralo



Part Two

4 Competing for the Forests: Annexation, Demarcation and their Consequences c. 1878 to 1936 - Derick Fay, Herman Timmermans and Robin Palmer


5 Closing the Forests: Segregation, Exclusion and their consequences from 1936 to1994 - Derick Fay, Herman Timmermans and Robin Palmer


6 Regaining the Forests: Reform and Development from 1994 to 2001 - Robin Palmer, Derick Fay, Herman Timmermans, Fonda Lewis and Johan Viljoen



Part three


7 Poverty and Differentiation at Dwesa-Cwebe - Derick Fay and Robin Palmer


8 Natural Rescource use at Dwesa-Cwebe - Herman Timmermans


9 Contempory Tourism at Dwesa-Cwebe - Robin Palmer and Johan Viljoen



Part Four


10 South Africa and the New Tourism - Robin Palmer and Johan Viljoen


11 Conservation and Communities: Learning from Experience - Christo Fabricius


12 A Development Vision for Dwesa-Cwebe - Robin Palmer, Derick Fay, Herman Timmermans and Christo Fabricius


Conclusion - Robin Palmer, Herman Timmermans and Derick Fay



Postscript


Appendix A


Bibliography

Robin Palmer has a DPhil from the University if Sussex. He is associate professor in tthe Department of Anthropology at Rhodes University, and has collaborated with the Institute of Social and Economic Research in several previous research projects in the former Ciskei and Transkei.

Herman Timmermans studied Environmental and Geographic Science at the University of Cape Town. He is based at the Institute of Social and economic Research, and is actively involved in a number of initiatives directed at reconciling conservation and rural development objectives.



Derick Fay is currently writing his PhD in sociocutural anthropology and lecturing at Boston University. In 1998-99 he was visiting scholar at Rhodes University's Institute if Social and Economic Research while conducting ehtnographic fieldwork in Hobeni, one of the Dwesa-Cwebe communities.

Share this

You might also consider these related books

2213  Large

Changing Social Policy
The Child Support Grant in South Africa

An important historical record of one part of post-apartheid South Africas policymaking, Changing Social Policy in South Africa charts the generation of the Report of the Lund Committee, which ultimately resulted in the establishment of the Child Support Grant (CSG) in post-apartheid South Africa.

Product information

Format : 148mm x 210mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 168
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2200-4
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2200-7
Publish Year : 2008
Rights : World Rights
Price R 165.00
2160  Large

Electoral politics in South Africa
Assessing the first democratic decade

This comprehensive volume brings together contributions and diverse opinions from leading and emerging South African and international scholars to assess the quality of democracy and the electoral process in South Africa over the past ten years, with particular emphasis on the 2004 elections. The book speaks to a broad range of topics, all linked through the electoral theme, which get to the heart of many issues in contemporary South African politics.

Product information

Format : 148mm x 210mm
Pages : 310
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2170-9
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2170-3
Publish Year : 2007
Price R 231.00
2141  Large

The Development Decade?
Economic and social change in South Africa, 1994-2004

Covering a breadth if issues, the international developement specialists who have contributed to this volume significantly deepen our understanding of the key socio-economic issues in the first decade of South Africa's democratic Governance. Locating the South African challenges within a broader international perspective, the issues covered include all the major economic growth challenges confronting South Africa - employment, industrial policy, urban governance, the informal economy - and the social challenges of poverty , inequality, HIV/AIDS and health policy. The key development debates of the post-apartheid era are outlined and the success or otherwise of a decade of reform and experimentation is considered.

Product information

Format : 168mm x 240mm
Pages : 484
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2123-7
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2123-9
Publish Year : 2006
Price R 297.00
Popular  Politics

Popular Politics in SA Cities
Unpacking Community Participation

Community meetings seldom lead to significant change in urban policies, and have been accused of being sterile, sedative, or manipulative. This book starts from a simple question: why do people then continue to participate in these meetings, sometimes massively, and on a regular basis? Authors from a variety of disciplines explore the multiple roles of these �invited� spaces of participation. From consolidation of individual social status and networks, to the construction and framing of the local �community�, the display of political or group loyalties and maintenance of clientelist exchange, access to information, rumors or gossip but also forms of education on who and what is the state, invited spaces of participation are also, crucially, places of emergence of collective awareness, through shared expressions of frustration, that can lead to political mobilisation and other, less institutionalised forms of participation. This book, unpacking community politics and rethinking the complex articulations between ��invited� and invented� spaces of participation, is of relevance for international and national audiences interested in urban governance and local democracy.

Product information

Format : 240mm x 168mm
Pages : 304
ISBN 13 : 978-0-7969-2464-3
Publish Year : July 2015
Rights : World Rights
Price R 270.00