South African agriculture has always been ideologically contested, because of its relationship with controversial land ownership issues. This book takes the question of farm workers fortunes beyond the land debate, to consider their current and future livelihoods. The book argues that the question of farm workers needs to be understood as part of a broader spectrum of economic and social questions. Where should farm workers live? Should rural-urban migration be encouraged? What kind of job prospects can be fostered? How can their participation in the rural and peri-urban economy be promoted? Do farm workers need land, or jobs, or municipal services? Who should provide support to this neglected segment of society?
A valuable study of past policy failures and future policy options, the book is primarily aimed at policy-makers and students of rural development. It is explicitly aimed at promoting new approaches, synergies and partnerships amongst stakeholders, including government, commercial farmers, agricultural co-operatives, municipalities, training agencies, and farm worker trade unions.
The book also offers suggestions that transcend the South African rural experience. It can therefore serve as a case study for students and practitioners of rural development elsewhere in the developing world.
List of Tables
Map of South Africa's arid areas
Chapter 1 The unseen plight of farm workers in South Africa
Chapter 2 The rise of an unfree labour system before 1970
Chapter 3 The forces of modernisation after 1970
Chapter 4 Government policy dilemmas after 1994
Chapter 5 Life on the farm
Chapter 6 Leaving the farm
Chapter 7 Civil society and farm life
Chapter 8 Municipal political representation of farm dwellers
Chapter 9 Service delivery and the micro-welfare system
Chapter 10 Tough choices for service delivery
Chapter 11 The professionalisation of farm work
Chapter 12 A journey to somewhere?
Conclusion: an outlook for the future