State of the Nation 2018 covers a diversity of perspectives that highlight the interrelationship and intersectionality between structural, economic, cultural and psychosocial dimensions of the South African social experience. Specifically, the authors analyse the complexity of poverty and inequality beyond an over-determination of the economic and the wealth index in South Africa.
Inequality results in deeply entrenched social and economic exclusions that inhibit sustainable human development and self-actualisation. It goes beyond food crises, health care access, infrastructure development and availability of resources, and affects the heart of political conflicts, climate change, the inequitable treatment of capital and workers, and indeed human relations. The combination of inequality with structural poverty, severe unemployment and slow economic recovery sets challenges throughout society, from political leadership to communities and families. Starting from a global perspective, each of the volume’s chapters offers significant critiques and analyses, including topics such as socio-economic rights, migration, indebtedness, the context of the National Development Plan, informal trading and education.
Diagnosis enables us to identify the nature, causes and circumstances of the problem. Our prognosis offers opinions, forecasts and predictions related to the symptoms. Our responses enable perspectives and techniques to interrogate new ways of thinking about the problems, and which may help close the gap, minimize inequalities and offer directions towards the resolution of poverty and inequality.
1 Soudien, Reddy and Woolard
Poverty and inequality in South Africa: The state of the discussion in 2018
PART 1: SOUTH AFRICA AND THE WORLD
South African Inequalities in a Global Perspective
Poverty and Inequality: South Africa in a Continental Context
South Africa and the struggle for international equality
PART 2: POLITICS, ETHICS AND THE STATE
Post-apartheid inequality and the long shadow of history
6 Kistner, Van Marle, Ismail-Sooliman
Philosophical, Historical and Jurisprudential Perspectives on Poverty in South Africa – The Limits of Rights
7 Bohler-Muller, Pienaar, Davids and Gordon
Eliminating poverty and inequality by realising socioeconomic rights? A reconceptualised constitutional dialogue
8 Masilela, Rule and Adams
Accounting for the capabilities and social value of migrants: The distance to openness
Part 3: THE ECONOMY
9 Mbewe, Woolard & Davis
Wealth taxation as an instrument to reduce wealth inequality in South Africa
10 Hagg and Pophiwa
Customs, mineral wealth and the service delivery nexus: Bafokeng approaches to overcoming poverty and inequality
Indebtedness and aspiration in South Africa
PART 4 SOCIETY (The Social Economy)
12 Moletsane and Reddy
The National Development Plan as a Response to Poverty and Inequality in South Africa: A Cultural Values Reading
13 Sanchez-Betancourt, Davids and Barolsky
Upgrading informal trading: impacts on livelihoods and cohesion in Khayelitsha'
Abstract Human Right or Material Practice? Academic Freedom in an Unequal Society
15 Bank & Kruss
Beyond the Campus Gate: Higher Education and Place-Based Development in South Africa
Reddy, Soudien and Woolard
Poverty and Inequality: A preliminary postscript