The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)

The Congress Movement Vol2

Author Sylvia Neame's study of the development of the national liberation movement in South Africa is in stark contrast to the frequent depictions of the history of the ANC by leading academics as fragmented, fractured and discontinuous. Not only does her analyses disprove the belief that the ANC's development has been episodic, several of the conclusions drawn point to its essential inner coherence.

Crucial to the development of the congress movement was the search for an alliance strategy that would ensure the ANC its central role. Particularly striking, and essentially new, is the depiction of the various alliance partners including the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union (ICU), the Communist Party and the South African Congress of Trade Unions and their complicated interaction.

The research, based on extensive primary and secondary sources including some eighty interviews dating back to the early 1960s, uniquely combines narrative and analysis. The Congress Movement invites the reader to engage in the fascinating development of the national liberation movement in South Africa in its formative period and uncovers its outstanding continuities as well as the considerable range of its methods.

Volume 2 examines the intricate development of the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union and the African National Congress in the second half of the 1920s. Various trends of reformism and radicalism affected these two organisations. This later led to the beginning of the breakup of the ICU with the secession of the Natal contingent, in part under the influence of a narrow ethnic Zulu nationalism. The breakaway also took place in the wake of an important phase in which the ICU leaders had become identified with a peasant uprising on white farms.

VOLUME 2: April 19261928

  1. ICU & SA LIBS & LABS & BRITISH SOCIAL DEMOCRATS, 1926(-9):
    Reconstruction of South Africa's socio-economic relations?
    Introduction
    The Joint Council liberals
    Problem of a united front with liberals & Labourites
    Economic & Wage Commission, 1925-6
    Libs & Labs & the question of the extension of the IC & Wage Acts to African workers
    A retreat on the part of the JJC liberals begins
    The question of the ICU's registration/recognition, 1924 to first half of 1928
    A new phase opens during 1928 in regard to the ICU's status
    Reorganization of the SA trade union movement
    Labour & the question of the promotion of manufacturing
    ICU & the Economic and Wage Commission
    ICU at the time of its 1926 conference
    Developments in the British labour movement, in particular in the years, 1925-7
    Kadalie & the labour movement in Europe
  2. THE AFRICAN MOVEMENT IN 1926-27:
    The role of reformism
    Introduction
    Congress leaders ensure that the ICU decision for a political bureau is dropped
    Weakening of the position of the radicals in & around the ANC's 1926 conference
    A right wing, centring on Thema & Selby Msimang, begins to shape up in the ANC
    ANC's NEC's position on the Hertzog Bills, October 1926
    Mahabane returns from overseas. ANC's January 1927 conference
    Mahabane & the franchise, first half of 1927, including in the framework of the chiefs' convention
    The response of Thema & Richard Msimang to the Convention of Chiefs
    Some comments on the group & regional profile of the ICU
    Decline of the African movement on the Rand
    Municipal locations become important places of organizational activity
    What role did the shift of the ICU axis to Natal play in the anti-communist move?
  3. CHAMPION-KADALIE ALLIANCE, 1926-APRIL 1927:
    Anticommunism gathers pace
    Introduction
    Champion's birth & childhood
    Champion goes to Johannesburg. His experience on the mines & role in the TNMCA
    Champion joins the ICU
    Champion & the Economic & Wage Commission
    Champion & the Natal African Congress
    Champion's early activities in Natal
    Champion & the national ICU in early 1926
    Champion's methods in Natal lead him into conflict with the communists
    Kadalie challenges his ban
    Kadalie's growing financial dependence on Champion
    Loosening of central control
    Rising tensions between the ICU & CP
    The conflicts become centred in Johannesburg
    Was the anti-communist move directed against La Guma?
    ICU National Council meeting, December 1926
    The CP fails to mobilize an effective opposition
    The reaction of Mbeki, 'Mote & Khaile to the December NC meeting
    The influence of JT Gumede on his return from the LAI conference
    ICU's April 1927 conference
  4. THE LAND QUESTION COMES TO THE FORE, 1927-8:
    Rural upsurge
    Introduction
    The question of labour-tenancy
    Native Administration Act, 1927
    Madeley affair
    Ballinger, the liberals & rural questions
    The liberals, Kadalie & the pass issue
    ICU & the rural question, 1920-26
    The communists & the land question
    ICU & the land question, mid-1926 to April 1927
    Kadalie & the land question
    ANC-ICU relations in the midst of the revolt & their respective attitude to the land question
    Nature of the upsurge
    (a) Labour-tenancy & the youth-senior divide
    (b) Role of the Zulu
    (c) Socio-regional profile in the farming districts
    (d) The reserves
    (i) ICU in Zululand
    (ii) ICU in the Transkeian Territories a significant regional differentiation
    Forms of resistance
  5. CHAMPION BREAKS WITH THE NATIONAL ICU, 1928:
    Role of Zulu nationalism Introduction
    Champion's conference of Natal chiefs, 1930
    Solomon kaDinuzulu's contacts with the ANC & ICU, 1930
    The connection of Champion's banishment, 1930, with his relations with the Zulu King
    Champion & the Durban riots of 1929 & the issue of a location
    Natal's sugar fraternity, JL Dube & the issue of a location
    Champion's disappointment & his banishment
    Champion, Dunn & King Solomon's domain, 1927-8
    Champion at the helm
    Kadalie returns from his European trip, November 1927
    ICU National Council meeting, November 1927
    ICU Special Congress, Kimberley, December 1927
    Kadalie moves against Champion. January 1928 council meeting
    ICU annual conference, April 1928
    ANC's Convention of Chiefs, April 1928, & Zulu nationalism
    Secession
    The impotence of the ICU's radical nationalists
    Ballinger fails to heal the split

  6. Reference list
    Index

Product information

Format : 245mm x 175mm (Hard Cover)
Pages : 672
ISBN 13 : 978-0-7969-2487-2
Publish Year : March 2015
Rights : World Rights
Share this

You might also consider these related books

2044  Large

The Subtle Power of Intangible Heritage
Legal and financial instruments for safeguarding intangible heritage

This research monograph defines 'intangible heritage' as oral traditions, memories, traditional arts and rituals, languages and knowledge systems. It reviews the international legislative and financial tools to manage heritage resources and makes recommendations for safeguarding the intellectual property of communities.

Product information

Format : 210mm x 280mm
Pages : 80
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2074-5
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2074-4
Publish Year : 2004
Price R 125.00
2020  Large

Politicians and Apartheid
Trailing in the people's wake

This publication explores/hypothesises why apartheid was abandoned by South Africa's ruling white National Party. In this publication, written in the early years of South Africa's democracy, apartheid's decline is examined under three categories: occupational, geographical and political apartheid. It is thus of great historical and sociological interest to researchers and theorists.

Product information

Format : 148mm x 210mm
Pages : 160
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-1821-X
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-1821-5
Publish Year : 1997
Price R 170.00
Empire  Development

Empire development and colonialism: The past in the present

This collection draws on a range of methodologies and approaches to explore the similarities, differences and overlaps between the contemporary debates on international development and humanitarian intervention and the historical artefacts and strategies of Empire. The parallels between the language of nineteenth-century liberal imperialism and the humanitarian interventionism of the post-Cold War era are striking. The American military, both in Somalia in the early 1990s and in the aftermath of the Iraq invasion, used ethno-graphic information compiled by British colonial administrators. Are these interconnections accidental curiosities or more elemental? The contributors to this book articulate the belief that these comparisons are analytically revealing. From the language of moral necessity and conviction, the design of specific aid packages, the devised forms of intervention and governmentality, through to the life-style, design and location of NGO encampments, the authors seek to account for the numerous and often striking parallels between contemporary international security, development and humanitarian intervention, and the logic of Empire. This book will be of great interest to all those concerned with understanding the historical antecedents and wider implications of today's emergent liberal interventionism, and the various logics of international development.

Product information

Format : 240mm x 168mm
Pages : 320
ISBN 13 : 978-0-7969-2440-7
Publish Year : February 2014
Rights : Southern Africa Rights Only
Price R 250.00
2215  Large

African Intellectuals in 19th and early 20th Century South Africa

An introduction to the lives and works of five exceptional African intellectuals based in the former Cape Colony in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this unique work aims to recount and preserve a part of African intellectual heritage which is not widely known. Ntsikana, Tiyo Soga, John Tengo Jabavu, Mpilo Walter Benson Rubusana and Samuel Edward Krune Mqhayi were pioneers within the African community, contributing their thoughts and intellect to various fields, including literature and poetry, politics, religion and journalism.

Product information

Format : 210mm x 148mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 80
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2207-1
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2207-6
Publish Year : 2008
Rights : World Rights
Price R 115.00