The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)

2226  Large

The generalised nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa means that it impacts unevenly on businesses. Companies respond in varied ways, and with varied means, to the challenges posed by the epidemic. Assessment of the impacts of HIV/AIDS, and of the responses of companies to it, are critical to help mitigate the impact of the epidemic on productivity, labour costs, and the supply of skills.

This report documents the first study of its kind to be conducted in the private security and legal services industries, and provides clarity on the current status of both industries in terms of the prevalence and incidence rates of HIV, the impact of the epidemic on businesses in the sectors, and their responses to HIV/AIDS thus far.

The findings represent a first step in the continued monitoring and evaluation of the impacts of the epidemic in both sectors, and the recommendations offer a starting point for refining HIV/AIDS management strategies at a sector and company level.

Open Access

Product information

Format : 280mm x 210mm (Soft Cover)
Pages : 192
ISBN 10 : 0-7969-2205-5
ISBN 13 : 978-07969-2205-2
Publish Year : 2008
Rights : World Rights

1 Introduction

  • Background
  • Literature review
  • Epidemiological model
  • Objectives
  • Conceptual framework of the project
  • Scope
  • Overview of the report

2 Methodology

  • Introduction
  • Overall research approaches
  • Study 1 (HIV prevalence, HIV incidence and KABP survey): the formative research phase
  • Study 1 (HIV prevalence, HIV incidence and KABP survey): the main study
  • Study 2 (Business impact and response): the formative research phase
  • Study 2A (Employer survey of business impact and response): the main study
  • Study 2B (Employee survey of business impact and response): the main study
  • Study 2C (Review of HIV/AIDS policies)
  • Ethical considerations

3 Results from study 1: private security sector

  • Introduction
  • Response analysis
  • HIV prevalence
  • HIV incidence
  • Behavioural and social determinants of HIV/AIDS
  • Voluntary counselling and testing
  • Substance use
  • Self-reported behaviour change
  • Male circumcision
  • Communication about HIV/AIDS and related issues
  • Associations between HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour indicators

4 Results from study 1: legal services sector

  • Introduction
  • Response analysis
  • HIV prevalence and HIV incidence
  • Knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and behaviour
  • Awareness and use of VCT services
  • Self-reported behaviour change
  • Substance use
  • Communication about HIV/AIDS and related issues
  • Associations between HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour indicators

5 Results from studies 2a and 2b: private security sector

  • Introduction
  • Response analysis
  • Perceptions of general HIV/AIDS impact
  • Impact on employee profile
  • Impact on employee costs
  • Impact on demand and supply of skills
  • Business response
  • Employee perceptions of HIV/AIDS impact
  • Discussion

6 Results from studies 2a and 2b: legal services sector

  • Introduction
  • Response analysis
  • Perceptions of general HIV/AIDS impact
  • Impact on employee profile
  • Impact on employee costs
  • Impact on demand and supply of skills
  • Business response
  • Employee perceptions of HIV/AIDS impact
  • Discussion

7 Results from study 2c: a review of HIV/AIDs policies in both sectors

  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Commentary on policies
  • Gaps and general problems with the policies
  • Key issues not included in the policies
  • Areas requiring improvement

8 Conclusions and recommendations

  • Introduction
  • Summary of main findings for Study 1: HIV prevalence, HIV incidence and KABP survey
  • Perceptions of business impact and responses
  • Recommendations

Appendices
Appendix 1 Nurses who were trained as fieldworkers
Appendix 2 Terms of reference for policy experts
References

Professor Leickness Simbayi is head of the Behavioural and Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS unit and is Deputy Executive Director of the Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS and Health research programme of the HSRC. He is also regional coordinator in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) of the Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance (SAHARA).

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